The QUIJOTE-CMB project has been described in previous publications. Here we present the current status of the
QUIJOTE multi-frequency instrument (MFI) with five separate polarimeters (providing 5 independent sky pixels): two
which operate at 10-14 GHz, two which operate at 16-20 GHz, and a central polarimeter at 30 GHz. The optical
arrangement includes 5 conical corrugated feedhorns staring into a dual reflector crossed-draconian system, which
provides optimal cross-polarization properties (designed to be < −35 dB) and symmetric beams. Each horn feeds a novel
cryogenic on-axis rotating polar modulator which can rotate at a speed of up to 1 Hz. The science driver for this first
instrument is the characterization of the galactic emission. The polarimeters use the polar modulator to derive linear
polar parameters Q, U and I and switch out various systematics. The detection system provides optimum sensitivity
through 2 correlated and 2 total power channels. The system is calibrated using bright polarized celestial sources and
through a secondary calibration source and antenna. The acquisition system, telescope control and housekeeping are all
linked through a real-time gigabit Ethernet network. All communication, power and helium gas are passed through a
central rotary joint. The time stamp is synchronized to a GPS time signal. The acquisition software is based on PLCs
written in Beckhoffs TwinCat and ethercat. The user interface is written in LABVIEW. The status of the QUIJOTE MFI
will be presented including pre-commissioning results and laboratory testing.
The QUIJOTE (Q-U-I JOint Tenerife) CMB Experiment will operate at the Teide Observatory with the aim
of characterizing the polarisation of the CMB and other processes of Galactic and extragalactic emission in the
frequency range of 10-40GHz and at large and medium angular scales. The first of the two QUIJOTE telescopes
and the first multi-frequency (10-30GHz) instrument are already built and have been tested in the laboratory.
QUIJOTE-CMB will be a valuable complement at low frequencies for the Planck mission, and will have the
required sensitivity to detect a primordial gravitational-wave component if the tensor-to-scalar ratio is larger
than r = 0.05.
We consider filters for the detection and extraction of compact
sources on a background. We make a one-dimensional treatment (though a
generalization to two or more dimensions is possible) assuming that
the sources have a Gaussian profile whereas the background is modeled by an homogeneous and isotropic Gaussian random field, characterized by a scale-free power spectrum. Local peak detection is used after
filtering. Then, a Bayesian Generalized Neyman-Pearson test is
used to define the region of acceptance that includes not only the
amplification but also the curvature of the sources and the a priori
probability distribution function of the sources. We search for an
optimal filter between a family of Matched-type filters (MTF) modifying the filtering scale such that it gives the maximum number of real detections once fixed the number density of spurious sources. We have performed numerical simulations to test theoretical ideas.