The development of a low-cost multiparametric platform for enzymatic electrochemical biosensing that can be integrated in a disposable, energy autonomous analytical device is the target of the current work. We propose a technology to fabricate nano-electrodes and ultimately biosensors on flexible polymeric-based substrates (cyclo olefin polymer, and polyimide) using standard microfabrication (step and repeat lithography and lift-off) and rapid prototyping techniques (blade cutting). Our target is towards the fabrication of a miniaturized prototype that can work with small sample volumes in the range of 5-10μL without the need for external pumps for sample loading and handling. This device can be used for the simultaneous detection of metabolites such as glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides for the early diagnosis of diabetes.
Dean forces have been consistently used in microfluidic mixing units and recently also have been utilized to separate particles in inertial force driven systems by secondary flows. Microfluidic separation systems using inertial forces created by curved asymmetric channels have already been established in the literature. In the present work, we propose a centrifugal lab-on-a-disc platform, which can provide focusing of particles of 21μm diameter size and high separation of two different density types of particles (polystyrene and silica) using of both the inertial focusing forces and sedimentation forces. This comprises the primary advantage of the proposed platform compared to a pump-driven system. This platform can be utilized for the separation of different types of cells bound to specifically-functionalized particles of different densities.