We begin to explore the possibilities offered by two-dimensional quantum metamaterials by considering the transmission across a prototypical system, that is a square array of coupled qubits (two level quantum systems). We construct a simple model that accounts for the input and detection of propagating excitations in the system. We find that even a limited degree of control through an applied field can allow the tunability between distinctly different regimes of transmission properties.
We study the effects of continuous measurement of the field mode during the collapse and revival of spin Schr¨odinger cat states in the Tavis-Cummings model of N qubits (two-level quantum systems) coupled to a field mode. We show that a compromise between relatively weak and relatively strong continuous measurement will not completely destroy the collapse and revival dynamics while still providing enough signal-to-noise resolution to identify the signatures of the process in the measurement record. This type of measurement would in principle allow the verification of the occurrence of the collapse and revival of a spin Schr¨odinger cat state.
In this paper, we consider a natural generalisation of classical proportional navigation guidance for quantum information processing devices. We demonstrate how standard guidance laws can be modified to allow the efficient control of the quantum state of an example qubit. We consider an example experimental system: a Josephson charge qubit (Cooper pair box). The quantum guidance algorithm is assessed in an open-loop control system based on the standard bias fields present in the device, without the need for any additional external fields (such as microwave 'pump' fields, which are often used to drive these charge devices into excited states).
In this paper, we propose a technique to characterise the energy level structure of a superconducting charge qubit. The technique relies on the backreaction of a solid-state qubit on its environment and the incoherent transfer of energy from a high frequency mode to a low frequency mode due to the stochastic transitions of the qubit between energy eigenstates. We consider a coupled system consisting of a model charge qubit and several classical degrees of freedom. The qubit is coupled to three electromagnetic modes: a low frequency bias field, a higher frequency mode (which is used to pump the qubit from the ground state to an excited state), and a lossy reservoir (which represents the cavity that contains the qubit and control fields). The reservoir provides a mechanism to allow the qubit to dissipate energy and to induce spontaneous decays from an excited state into the ground state. We show that these spontaneous decays can have a significant effect on the noise in the classical bias field, and that this noise can be used to characterise the energy level structure of the qubit.
There are a number of systems that are currently being considered as candidates for the construction of qubits, quantum logic gates and quantum computers. Some of the systems, notably atoms in magnetic traps and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) systems, have had some success in performing the elementary operations that would be required in large-scale quantum computer. However, these systems are not necessarily seen as viable technologies for quantum computing in the longer term. The recent demonstration of macroscopic coherence in a superconducting ring (consisting of a thick superconducting ring containing one or more Josephson weak link devices) has added significant weight to the idea of using superconducting persistent current devices (SQUIDs) in quantum logic systems. In this paper, we consider one aspect of the quantum mechanical SQUID, the nonlinear effect of SQUID on the classical control parameters, and we discuss how it may influence the construction and design of quantum logic gates based on SQUID devices. In particular, we look at problems associated with fixing the classical magnetic flux bias for a quantum mechanical SQUID at, or near, a quantum mechanical transition or resonance.
This paper considers the behavior of a model persistent current qubit in the presence of a time-dependent electromagnetic field. A semi-classical approximation for the electromagnetic field is used to solve the time- dependent Schrodinger equation (TDSE) for the qubit, which is treated as a macroscopic quantum object. The qubit is describe3d by a Hamiltonian involving the enclosed magnetic flux (Phi) and the electric displacement flux Q, which obey the quantum mechanical commutation relation. The paper includes a brief summary of recent work on quantum mechanical coherence in persistent current circuits, and the solution of the TDSE in superconducting rings. Of particular interest is the emergence of strongly non-perturbative behavior that corresponds to transitions between the energy levels of the qubit. These transitions are due to the strong coupling between the electromagnetic fields and the superconducting condensate and can appear at frequencies predicted by conventional methods based on perturbations around the energy eigenstate of the time-independent system. The relevance of these non-perturbative processes to the operation of quantum logic gates based on superconducting circuits and the effect of the resultant non linearities on the environmental degrees of freedom coupled to the qubit are considered.