Nowadays, it is assumed of many applications, companies and parts of the society to be always available online. However, according to [Times, Oct, 31 2011], 73% of the world population do not use the internet and thus aren't “online” at all. The most common reasons for not being “online” are expensive personal computer equipment and high costs for data connections, especially in developing countries that comprise most of the world’s population (e.g. parts of Africa, Asia, Central and South America). However it seems that these countries are leap-frogging the “PC and landline” age and moving directly to the “mobile” age. Decreasing prices for smart phones with internet connectivity and PC-like operating systems make it more affordable for these parts of the world population to join the “always-online” community. Storing learning content in a way accessible to everyone, including mobile and smart phones, seems therefore to be beneficial. This way, learning content can be accessed by personal computers as well as by mobile and smart phones and thus be accessible for a big range of devices and users. A new trend in the Internet technologies is to go to “the cloud”. This paper discusses the changes, challenges and risks of storing learning content in the “cloud”. The experiences were gathered during the evaluation of the necessary changes in order to make our solutions and systems “cloud-ready”.
Nowadays, mobile devices are more and more powerful concerning processing power, main memory and storage as well as graphical output capability and the support for 3D mostly via OpenGL ES. Therefore modern devices allows it to enable Virtual Reality (VR) on them. Most students own (or will own in future) one of these more powerful mobile device. The students owning such a mobile device already using it to communicate (SMS, twitter, etc) and/or to listen to podcasts. Taking this knowledge into account, it makes sense to improve the students learning experience by enabling mobile devices to display VR content.
Mobile learning (m-learning) can be considered as a new paradigm of e-learning. The developed
solution enables the presentation of animations and 3D virtual reality (VR) on mobile devices and is
well suited for mobile learning. Difficult relations in physics as well as intricate experiments in optics
can be visualised on mobile devices without need for a personal computer. By outsourcing the
computational power to a server, the coverage is worldwide.
Nowadays the processing power of mobile phones, Smart phones and PDA is increasing, as well as the transmission bandwidth. Nevertheless there is still the need to reduce the content and the need of processing the data. Proposals and solutions for dynamic reduction of the transmitted content will be discussed. For that, device specific properties will be taken into account, aiming at reducing the need of processing power at the client side to display the 3D Virtual Reality data. Therefore, well known technologies like data compression are combined with new approaches to achieve the goal of adaptive content transmission. For device dependant reduction of processing power the data has to be pre-processed at the server side or the server itself has to take over functionality of weak mobile devices.