With thin and thick section Multi-slice CT images at lung cancer screening, we have statistically and quantitatively
shown and evaluated the diagnostic capabilities of these slice thicknesses on physicians' pulmonary nodule diagnosis. To
comparatively evaluate the 2 mm and 10 mm slice thicknesses, MSCT images of 360 people were read by six physicians.
The reading criteria consisted of nodule for further examination (NFE), nodule for no further examination (NNFE) and
no abnormality (NA) case. For reading results evaluation; firstly, cross-tabulation was carried out to roughly analyze the
diagnoses based on whole lung field and each lung lobes. Secondly, from semi-automated extraction result of the nodule,
detailed quantitative analysis was carried out to determine the diagnostic capabilities of two slice thicknesses. Finally,
using the reading results of 2 mm thick image as the gold standard, the diagnostic capabilities were analyzed through the
features and locations of pulmonary nodules. The study revealed that both slice thicknesses can depict lung cancer. Thin
section may not be effective to diagnose nodules of ≤3 mm in size and nodules of ≤ 5mm in size for thick section.
Though thick section is less tiring for reading physicians, it is not good at depicting nodules located at the border of lung
upper lobe and which have a pixel size distance of ≤5 from the chest wall. The information presented may serve as a
useful reference to determine in which particular pulmonary nodule condition the two slice thicknesses can be effectively
used for early detection of lung cancer.