The results of the multifunctional Stokes polarimetric mapping of the manifestations of phase and amplitude anisotropy of histological sections of the internal organs of rats are presented. The methods of statistical analysis of vector-parametric images are used. Criteria for the differentiation of pathological conditions are obtained.
This paper contains structural and logical scheme of the research; theoretical information about the set of azimuthally invariant Mueller-matrix elements and their combinations; The work is aimed at the development of a set of techniques that form a new method of azimuthally invariant differential polarimetry of partially-depolarizing optically anisotropic biological layers. This method is based on the determination and diagnostic use of a set of physical relationships between the distributions of azimuthally invariant polarization parameters characterizing the optical anisotropy of partially depolarizing layers of biological tissues, and the distributions of the parameters of linear and circular birefringence of such objects.