Detection and description of local features in images is an essential task in robot vision. This task allows to identify and uniquely specify stable and invariant regions in a observed scene. Many successful detectors and descriptors have been proposed. However, the proper combination of a detector and a descriptor is not trivial because there is a trade-off among different performance criteria. This work presents a comparative study of successful image feature detection and description methods in the context of the simultaneous localization and mapping problem. The considered methods are exhaustively evaluated in terms of accuracy, robustness, and processing time.