A plenoptic imaging system records simultaneously the intensity and the direction of the rays of light. This additional information allows many post processing features such as 3D imaging, synthetic refocusing and potentially evaluation of wavefront aberrations. In this paper the effects of low order aberrations on a simple plenoptic imaging system have been investigated using a wave optics simulations approach.
Plenoptic (light-field) imaging is a technique that allows a simple CCD-based imaging device to acquire both spatially and angularly resolved information about the “light-field” from a scene. It requires a microlens array to be placed between the objective lens and the sensor of the imaging device<sup>1</sup> and the images under each microlens (which typically span many pixels) can be computationally post-processed to shift perspective, digital refocus, extend the depth of field, manipulate the aperture synthetically and generate a depth map from a single image. Some of these capabilities are rigid functions that do not depend upon the scene and work by manipulating and combining a well-defined set of pixels in the raw image. However, depth mapping requires specific features in the scene to be identified and registered between consecutive microimages. This process requires that the image has sufficient features for the registration, and in the absence of such features the algorithms become less reliable and incorrect depths are generated. The aim of this study is to investigate the generation of depth-maps from light-field images of scenes with insufficient features for accurate registration, using projected patterns to impose a texture on the scene that provides sufficient landmarks for the registration methods.
A multichannel (16 sources and 8 detectors) time-domain fNIRS medical device is presented. The system was extensively characterized on tissue phantoms. Preliminary <i>in vivo</i> measurements on muscle and brain cortex are reported to test the ability of the system to noninvasively measure tissue hemodynamics.