Recent results for the cross-correlation signal of a newly proposed balanced correlation receiver at 1.5 μm pointed towards a possible bypassing of the standard quantum limit for the receiver noise-temperature hν⁄k in cross-correlation by a factor of 4-6. The only radiation source strong enough for a clear hot-cold measurement was a heavily attenuated fiber-coupled superluminant LED (SLED), because a multi-mode fiber-coupled thermal halogen lamp was difficult to control in polarization due to its weakness when coupled to a single-mode fiber. This peculiarity left some doubts regarding a possible “strange” quantum-mechanical behavior of the signal light from the SLED. Here we want to present the concept for more convincing measurements using a true thermal signal source.
The current work presents a fiber coupling tip-tilt controller developed for a three-telescope experimental prototype of an Astronomical Fiber-Based Near-Infrared Heterodyne Interferometer. It is based on a commercial magneto-mechanical compact-disk laser-beam actuator on which the fiber-ferrule is mounted. The actuator is driven by a two-axis controller electronics board which was developed by us based on digital processing in a dsPIC33EP device with analog periphery, which reads the quad-photodiode signals amplified by 109, and drives the actuator with two high-current outputs. While this realizes the very fine and relatively fast (up to 100 Hz) fiber-position control in the telescope focus, as a basis to this, a relatively coarse and slow auto-guiding is given by an amateur guiding camera. During first optical bench testing we obtained an average coupled power increase of up to 50% under certain perturbations.
We propose a new high dynamic imaging concept for the detection and characterization of extra-solar planets. DIFFRACT standing for DIFFerential Remapped Aperture Coronagraphic Telescope, uses a Wollaston prism to split the entrance pupil into two exit pupils. These exit pupils are then remapped with 2 apertures lenses of different diameters resulting in two separate rescaled focal images of the same star. Since the angular separation of a putative exoplanet orbiting around the star is independent of the angular resolution of the remapped output pupils they appear at the same linear location in the resulting images that differ in resolution proportional to the exit pupil sizes.
Exoplanet detection is obtained by numerically rescaling the images at the same angular resolution and substracting them, so that, under aberration and photon noise free conditions the planet twin images appear as two positive and negative Airy patterns. In real conditions however and depending on the exoplanet separation normalized to the angular resolution of the input telescope detection performances depend strongly on the adaptive optics performances and the collecting surface of the telescope. In this study we present the formal expression of DIFFRACT optics concept with a complet set of numerical experiments to
estimate the performances of the concept under real observing conditions including instrument and adaptive optics corrections.