This paper presents the assessment of lettuce plant health using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-based hyperspectral sensor, proximal sensors, and measurement of agronomic & physiological parameters. Hyperspectral data of lettuce plants at Cal Poly Pomona’s Spadra Farm was collected from a DJI Matric 600 multicopter UAV. An experimental lettuce plot was designed for the study. The plot was divided into several subplots that were subject to different water and nitrogen applications with three replications. Proximal sensors included Handheld spectroradiometer, water potential meter, and chlorophyll meter. The hypespectral data from the UAV and spectroradiometer were used in the determination of several vegetation indices including normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), water band index (WBI), and modified chlorophyll absorption ratio index (MCARI). These indices were compared with chlorophyll meter data, water potential, plant height, leaf numbers, leaf water content, and leaf nitrogen content. With the hyperspectral data collected so far, MCARI has shown good correlation with chlorophyll meter data and WBI has shown good correlation with leaf water content. The paper will show and discuss all the vegetation indices and their relationship with proximal sensor data, agronomic measurement, and leaf water & nitrogen contents.
This paper shows the comparison between multispectral and hyperspectral data collected from UAVs in detecting citrus nitrogen and water stresses. UAVs equipped with multispectral and hyperspectral sensors were flown over Citrus trees at Cal Poly Pomona’s Spadra Farm. The multispectral and/or hyperspectral data are used in the determination of normalized differential vegetation index (NDVI), water band index (WBI), and other vegetation indices. These indices are compared with the proximal sensor data that include handheld spectroradiometer, water potential meter, and chlorophyll meter. Correlations of multispectral and hyperspectral data with the proximal sensor data are shown.