The paper summarizes results of step-frequency radars application in medicine. Remote and non-contact control of physiological parameters with modern bioradars provides a wide range of possibilities for non-contact remote monitoring of a human psycho-emotional state and physiological condition. The paper provides information about technical characteristics of bioradars designed at Bauman Moscow State Technical University and experiments using them. Results of verification experiment showed that bioradars of BioRASCAN type may be used for simultaneous remote measurements of breathing and heart rate parameters. In addition, bioradar assisted experiments for detecting of different sleep disorders are described. Their results proved that method of bioradiolocation allows correct estimation of obstructive sleep apnea severity compared to the polysomnography method, which satisfies standard medical recommendations.
An assessment of bio-radiolocation monitoring of respiratory rhythm during sleep is given. Full-night respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) and bio-radiolocation (BRL) records were collected simultaneously in a sleep laboratory. Polysomnography data from 5 subjects without sleep breathing disorders were used. A multi-frequency bioradar with step frequency modulation was applied. It has 8 operating frequencies ranging from 3.6 to 4.0 GHz. BRL data are recorded in two quadratures. Respiratory cycles were detected in time domain. Obtained data was used for the evaluation of correlation between BRL and RIP respiration rate estimates. Strong correlation between corresponding time series was revealed. BRL method is reliably implemented for estimation of respiratory rhythm and respiratory rate variability during full night sleep.