We report more than two octave spanning mid-IR flat-top supercontinuum (SC) generation using all normal As2S5-borosilicate hybrid photonic crystal fiber. Our design is based on a chalcogenide As2S5 photonic crystal fiber (PCF), where the first ring composed of six air holes is made by borosilicate glass. By injecting 50-fs pulses with 1.6 nJ energy at 2.5 μm in the all normal dispersion (ANDi) regime, a flat-top broadband SC extending from 1 to 5 μm with high-spectral flatness of 8 dB is obtained in only 4-mm fiber length. To the best of our knowledge, we present the broadest flat mid-IR spectrum generated in the ANDi regime of an optical fiber. The self-phase modulation and the optical wave breaking are identified as the main broadening mechanisms. The obtained broadband light source can be potentially used in the field of spectroscopy and in high-resolution optical coherent tomography owing to the high-spectral SC flatness generated by our designed fiber.
We numerically demonstrate the supercontinuum (SC) generation in a novel chalcogenide As<sub>2</sub>S<sub>5</sub> nanowire embeddedcore into Tellurite photonic crystal fiber (PCF). This hybrid As<sub>2</sub>S<sub>5</sub>-tellurite small core PCF has a pitch of 0.7 μm and air hole diameter of 0.2 μm. It exhibits a zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) of 3.25 μm with an overall highly engineered group velocity dispersion (GVD) shifted to the mid-IR wavelengths region. By injecting 100 fs hyperbolic-secant input pulses delivered by available tunable optical parametric oscillator (OPO) system at the pump wavelength of 3.389 μm, we obtain a broadband coherent mid-IR SC generated in only 1 mm-long PCF with a peak power of 8.8 kW. An ultralarge mid-IR bandwidth extending from 1000 to 7200 nm is generated with more than 60% of the total power which is available beyond 3 μm. The proposed hybrid PCF structure shows to be very promising for designing new compact, stable and powerful SC fiber laser sources in the long mid-IR wavelength region.