This paper reports the experiment and finite element (FEM) simulation of an array type film haptic actuator. Haptic actuator was made of cellulose acetate films and adhesive tape separator between two films. For preparing 3×3 array haptic device, nine identical actuators were joined together. The purpose of an actuator is to create vibration feedback resulting from applied potential. Cellulose acetate based film actuator is suitable for transparent haptic devices because of its high dielectric constant, flexibility and transparency. The focus of this paper is to use a finite element model to simulate and analysis haptic actuator and verify that result with experiment. The reason of preferring ANSYS simulation is for the flexibility of modeling, time saving, post processing criteria and result accuracy.
Miniaturization of optical systems has promoted a revolution in lens technology and this emerging field has much interest for medical practitioners as well as electronic engineers. Tunable liquid lens capable of adjusting its focal length have special curiosity in this regard where in micro-scale actuators are often integrated. Here we demonstrate a lens consisting of a transparent elastomer liquid composite containing organo modified cellulose nanocrystals. The actuator with the working voltage of only up to 0.8kV was capable to produce an area expansion and thereby altering the curvature of the lens (focal length) reversibly in 5 seconds. The effect of filler concentration on optical property and dielectric behavior of the composites were also analyzed.
This paper reports an array type film haptic actuator based on cellulose acetate. Suggested actuator can vibrate with faster response time and various frequencies to give a range of haptic feedbacks to users which can be used in touch screen devices. Fabrication process, performance evaluation and electrostatic behavior of haptic actuator are reported for tactile sensation. Cellulose acetate film is suitable for haptic actuator for its transparency, flexibility and high dielectric constant. An element of haptic actuator is made by using cellulose acetate film with patterned adhesive tape spacer, then haptic actuator elements arrayed to 3 x 3 to embed in haptic devices. Experiment to measure vibration acceleration is carried out on wide range of actuation frequency and voltage for single actuator to evaluate 3x3 array actuator.