A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) using two cascaded modulators based on destructive interference is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. In the proposed system, we utilize a cascaded modulator including a phase modulator and an intensity modulator, which implements a carrier-suppressed double-sideband modulation based on destructive interference to generate a frequency-doubled microwave signal. Meanwhile, the phase modulator is connected by a chirp fiber Bragg grating in the loop, which forms a microwave photonic filter to select the fundamental frequency signal in the OEO loop. As a result, a frequency-doubled microwave signal at 17.9 and 20.5 GHz is generated, respectively. The phase noises and the long-term stability of the generated microwave signals are also investigated.
We propose a high-resolution optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) based on an all-fiber supercontinuum source. The source simply consists of a laser with moderate power and a section of fiber which has a zero dispersion wavelength near the laser’s central wavelength. Spectrum and time domain properties of the source are investigated, showing that the source has great capability in nonlinear optics, such as correlation OTDR. We analyze one of the key factors limiting the operational range of such an OTDR, i.e., sampling time. Finally, we experimentally demonstrate a correlation OTDR with 25km sensing range and 5.3cm spatial resolution, as a verification of theoretical analysis.
A high resolution optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) based on an all-fiber chaotic source is demonstrated. We analyze the key factors limiting the operational range of such an OTDR, e.g., integral Rayleigh backscattering and the fiber loss, which degrade the optical signal to noise ratio at the receiver side, and then the guideline for counter-act such signal fading is discussed. The experimentally demonstrated correlation OTDR presents ability of 100km sensing range and 8.2cm spatial resolution (1.2 million resolved points), as a verification of the theoretical analysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that correlation OTDR measurement is performed over such a long distance with such high precision.