Anatase TiO<sub>2</sub> nanocrystals were deposited on the rutile TiO<sub>2</sub> nanorod microspheres (NCRNMs) via the controlled hydrolysis and condensation of titanium (IV) bis(ammonium lactato) dihydroxide (TALH) in the presence of polyethyleneimine (PEI). The anatase TiO<sub>2</sub> nanocrystals prevented the growth of rutile TiO<sub>2</sub> nanorod microspheres from sintering process. By coating of anatase nanocrystals, the decreasing of specific surface area of rutile TiO<sub>2</sub> nanorod microspheres (RNMs) were efficiently inhibited. The specific surface area of NCRNM was 47.0 m<sup>2</sup>/g after sintering at 500 °C，which was 50% increment compared to RNM. The dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were assembled using the semitransparent underlayers and NCRNM scattering layers as the photoanodes. The incident photon to current conversion efficiency (IPCE) analysis showed the DSSCs in the presence of NCRNMs adsorbed more dye molecules while kept a high light-harvesting efficiency. The cell covered with the NCRNM scattering layer had the efficiency of 7.33%, which was 20% increment compared to that of the absence one.