Drosophila Melanogaster is a sample of high biological interest that is being widely used as biological model, due to the relatively short life cycle, short genome and ease in culturing. In this work we present a microscope on chip capable of processing Drosophila embryos to obtain three dimensional fluorescent images at high throughput. This device, based on light sheet microscopy, uses a plane of light intercepting the sample channel to optically and noninvasively section the embryos while flowing. This permits to automatically acquire for each sample the stack of images necessary for the subsequent 3D reconstruction with no need of any manual sample positioning and alignment. The whole chip is fabricated in a glass substrate by femtosecond laser micromachining. The device has been optimized for the specific morphology of the sample. Indeed, the highly elliptical shape of the embryos (about 100 x 500 μm<sup>2</sup>) might affect the image quality degrading both the vertical and the axial resolution of the system. To overcome this issue, we have first optimized the layout of the fluidic channel to precisely control the sample orientation by means of hydrodynamic forces. Thereafter, we have optimized the properties of the optical circuit, to realize two opposite light sheets impinging on the sample, perfectly overlapped, with a high signal to noise ratio. With these actions, we have been able to obtain high quality Drosophila reconstruction.