A theoretical model is developed for the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with solid targets on
the basis of the two-temperature equation of state for an irradiated substance. It allows the description of the
dynamics of the plasma formation and expansion. Comparison of available experimental data on the amplitude
and phase of the complex reflection coefficient of aluminum with the simulation results provides new information
on the transport coefficients and absorption capacity of the strongly coupled Al plasma over a wide range of
temperatures and pressures.