The objective of the present work is to demonstrate the efficiency and feasibility of NBR (Nitrile Butadiene Rubber)
based conducting polymer actuator that is fabricated into a micro zoon lens driver. Unlike the traditional conducting
polymer that normally operates in a liquid, the proposed actuator successfully provides fairly effective driving
performance for the zoom lens system in a dry environment. And this paper is including the experiment results for an
efficiency improvement. The result suggested by an experiment was efficient in micro optical zoom lens system. In
addition, the developed design method of actuator was given consideration to design the system.
The conducting polymer actuator was presented. The solid polymer electrolyte based on nitrile rubber (NBR) activated with different ionic liquids was prepared. The three different grades of NBR films were synthesized by emulsion polymerization with different amount of acrylonitrile, 23, 35, and 40 mol. %, respectively. The effect of acrylonitrile content on the ionic conductivity and dielectric constant of solid polymer electrolytes was characterized. A conducting polymer, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), was synthesized on the surface of the NBR layer by using a chemical oxidation polymerization technique, and room temperature ionic liquids (RTIL) based on imidazolium salts, e.g. 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium X [where X= BF<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>, PF<sub>6</sub><sup>-</sup>, (CF<sub>3</sub>SO<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>N<sup>-</sup>], were absorbed into the composite film. The effects of the anion size of the ionic liquids on the displacement of the actuator were examined. The displacement increased with increasing the anion-size of the ionic liquids.
A new material, called synthetic rubber in this paper, is proposed
as a material for artificial muscle actuator based on dielectric
elastomer. The presented material displays enhanced electrical as
well as mechanical characteristics in terms of higher dielectric
constant, elastic strength and lower stress relaxation. Several
experiments are performed to evaluate actuation performance of the
material. Also, its advantages are proved by conducting
comparative studies with the other existing materials.
Among ElectroActive Polymers (EAPs) the dielectric elastomer actuator
is regarded as one of the most practically applicable in the near
future. So far, its effect on the actuation phenomena has not been discussed sufficiently, although its strong dependency on prestrain is a significant drawback as an actuator. Recent observations clarifies that prestrain has the following pros and cons: prestrain plays an important role in generating large strain, whereas it rather contributes to the reduction of the strain. Prestrain provides the advantages of improving the response speed, increase of the breakdown voltage, and removing the boundary constraint caused by the inactive actuation area of the actuator. On the contrary, the elastic forces by prestrain makes the deformation smaller and the induced stress relaxation is severely detrimental as an actuator. Also, the permittivity decreases as prestrain goes up, which adds an adverse effect because the strain is proportional to the permittivity. In the present work, a comprehensive study on the effects of prestrain is performed. The key parameters affecting the overall performances are extracted and it is experimentally validated how they work on the actuation performance.
The solid polymer electrolyte based conducting polymer actuator was presented. In the preparation of acutuator module, an ionic liquid impregnated a synthetic rubber (NBR) and PPy were used as a solid polymer electrolyte and conducting polymer, respectively. An ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide (BMITFSI) is gradually dispersed into the NBR film and the conducting polymer, PPy was synthesized on the surface of NBR. The ionic conductivity of new type solid polymer electrolyte as a function of the immersion time was investigated. The cyclic voltammetry responsed and the redox switching dynamics of PEDOT in NBR matrix were studied. The displacement of the actuator was measured by laser beam.