This work illustrates the design, manufacturing and tensile testing of a novel concept of honeycomb structure made of shape memory alloy (SMA) core material. The honeycomb is manufactured using SMA Nitinol ribbons inserted in a special dye and using cyanoacrilate to bond the longitudinal strips of the unit cells. Analytical and Numerical FE models of the ribbons are developed to predict the homogenized properties and the overall tensile test behavior of the honeycomb sample. Good agreement is observed between numerical nonlinear simulations and experimental results carried out at room temperature (martensite phase).
A complex modulus approach typical of viscoelastic materials is used to linearize the equation of motions of a combined beam-rod SMA pseudoelastic element and use a Spectral Finite Element formulation to study the dynamic behavior in the frequency domain. The complex modulus approach allows using viscoelastic SFE formulations presented in literature and adapt them to Ni-Ti alloy elements with different tensile pre-strain levels. The dispersion relations of Love rod and Euler-Bernoulli beams are discussed in view of the use of the experimental available complex modulus curves of the materials. As a demonstration of the use of the SFE technique, a cantilever beam loaded with a tip force is then modeled with a single Spectral Element, with increased accuracy of lower number of linear FE elements per unit wavelength.