The study purpose is to highlight dental hard tissues changes of a tooth with dental wear as a consequence of excessive occlusal forces, using OCT. Methods: a central incisor extracted for periodontal reason was cleaned and it was embedded in a black acrylic resin block. The block was sectioned along the longitudinal axis of the tooth and prepared for OCT analysis. Results: The OCT signal showed differences between the labial and palatal dental hard tissue structures, even in areas without excessive occlusal solicitations. Conclusion: The OCT signal highlights changes of dental hard tissues structures according to excessive occlusal solicitations areas.
There are several important non carious lesions affecting the tooth structure, lesions which may be classified into four clinical forms of dental wear: abfraction, erosion, attrition and abrasion, and different types of root resorption. Search for new, non-invasive and fast methods able to detect and describe such injuries is of utmost importance. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) proved itself as an appropriate investigation method for several medical fields including ophthalmology, dermatology, cardiology etc. Our study reveals OCT preliminary investigations as a promising tool for detecting and evaluating of the mentioned lesions.