Magnetorheological (MR) fluids have rheological properties, such as the viscosity and yield stress that can be altered by
an external magnetic field. The design of novel devices utilizing the MR fluid behavior in multi-degree of freedom
applications require three dimensional models characterizing the coupling of magnetic behavior to mechanical behavior
in MR fluids. A 3-D MR fluid model based on multiscale kinetic theory is presented. The kinetic theory-based model
relates macroscale MR fluid behavior to a first-principle description of magnetomechanical coupling at the microscale. A
constitutive relation is also proposed that accounts for the various forces transmitted through the fluid. This model
accounts for the viscous drag on the spherical particles as well as Brownian forces. Interparticle forces due to
magnetization and external magnetic forces applied to ferrous particles are considered. The tunable rheological
properties of the MR fluids are studied using a MR rheological instrument. High and low viscosity carrier fluids along
with small and large carbonyl iron particles are used to make and study the behavior of four different MR fluids.
Experiments measuring steady, and dynamic oscillatory shear response under a range of magnetic field strengths are
performed. The rheological properties of the MR fluid samples are investigated and compared to the proposed kinetic
theory-based model. The storage (G') and loss (G") moduli of the MR fluids are studied as well.