A cognitive radar framework is being developed to dynamically detect changes in the clutter characteristics, and to adapt to these changes by identifying the new clutter distribution. In our previous work, we have presented a sparse-recovery based clutter identification technique. In this technique, each column of the dictionary represents a specific distribution. More specifically, calibration radar clutter data corresponding to a specific distribution is transformed into a distribution through kernel density estimation. When the new batch of radar data arrives, the new data is transformed to a distribution through the same kernel density estimation method and its distribution characteristics is identified through sparse-recovery. In this paper, we extend our previous work to consider different kernels and kernel parameters for sparse-recovery-based clutter identification and the numerical results are presented as well. The impact of different kernels and kernel parameters are analyzed by comparing the identification accuracy of each scenario.
Most existing radar algorithms are developed under the assumption that the environment, data clutter, is known and stationary. However, in practice, the characteristics of clutter can vary enormously in time depending on the operational scenarios. If unaccounted for, these nonstationary variabilities may drastically hinder the radar performance. It is essential that the radar systems dynamically detect changes in the environment, and adapt to these changes by learning the new statistical characteristics of the environment. In this paper, we employ sparse recovery for clutter identification, specifically we identify the statistical profile the clutter follows. We use Monte Carlo simulations to simulate and test clutter data coming from various distributions.
Electrodermal Activity (EDA) – a peripheral index of sympathetic nervous system activity - is a primary measure used in psychophysiology. EDA is widely accepted as an indicator of physiological arousal, and it has been shown to reveal when psychologically novel events occur. Traditionally, EDA data is collected in controlled laboratory experiments. However, recent developments in wireless biosensing have led to an increase in out-of-lab studies. This transition to ambulatory data collection has introduced challenges. In particular, artifacts such as wearer motion, changes in temperature, and electrical interference can be misidentified as true EDA responses. The inability to distinguish artifact from signal hinders analyses of ambulatory EDA data. Though manual procedures for identifying and removing EDA artifacts exist, they are time consuming – which is problematic for the types of longitudinal data sets represented in modern ambulatory studies. This manuscript presents a novel technique to automatically identify and remove artifacts in EDA data using curve fitting and sparse recovery methods. Our method was evaluated using labeled data to determine the accuracy of artifact identification. Procedures, results, conclusions, and future directions are presented.
Measures of electrodermal activity (EDA) have advanced research in a wide variety of areas including psychophysiology; however, the majority of this research is typically undertaken in laboratory settings. To extend the ecological validity of laboratory assessments, researchers are taking advantage of advances in wireless biosensors to gather EDA data in ambulatory settings, such as in school classrooms. While measuring EDA in naturalistic contexts may enhance ecological validity, it also introduces analytical challenges that current techniques cannot address. One limitation is the limited efficiency and automation of analysis techniques. Many groups either analyze their data by hand, reviewing each individual record, or use computationally inefficient software that limits timely analysis of large data sets. To address this limitation, we developed a method to accurately and automatically identify SCRs using curve fitting methods. Curve fitting has been shown to improve the accuracy of SCR amplitude and location estimations, but have not yet been used to reduce computational complexity. In this paper, sparse recovery and dictionary learning methods are combined to improve computational efficiency of analysis and decrease run time, while maintaining a high degree of accuracy in detecting SCRs. Here, a dictionary is first created using curve fitting methods for a standard SCR shape. Then, orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) is used to detect SCRs within a dataset using the dictionary to complete sparse recovery. Evaluation of our method, including a comparison to for speed and accuracy with existing software, showed an accuracy of 80% and a reduced run time.