Phase contrast x-ray imaging techniques have shown the ability to overcome the weakness of the low sensitivity of conventional x-ray imaging. Among them, in-line phase contrast imaging, blessed with simplicity of arrangement, is deemed to be a promising technique in clinical application. To obtain quantitative information from in-line phase contrast images, numerous phase-retrieval techniques have been developed. The theories of these phase-retrieval techniques are mostly proposed on the basis of the ideal detector and the noise-free environment. However, in practice, both detector resolution and system noise would have impacts on the performance of these phase-retrieval methods. To assess the impacts of above-mentioned factors, we include the effects of Gaussian shaped detectors varying in the full width at half maximum (FWHM) and system noise at different levels into numerical simulations. The performance of the phase-retrieval methods under such conditions is evaluated by the root mean square error. The results demonstrate that an increase in the detector FWHM or noise level degrades the effect of phase retrieval, especially for objects in small size.
We propose an experimental technique for two dimensional Jones matrix imaging of transparent and anisotropic sample
using polarization interferometer. Employing this technique, the Jones matrix components are measured for polarizer and
quarter wave plate and results are compared with theoretical results of the samples.