On-product overlay (OPO) challenges are quickly becoming yield limiters for the latest IC technology nodes, requiring new and innovative solutions to meet the technology demands. One of the primary means for reducing OPO error is the measurement of the grid (on target) at after-develop inspection (ADI) correctly and accurately. To reduce the optical error in the measurement, signals from both high voltage scanning electron microscope (HV-SEM) technology and imaging based overlay (IBO) measurements at ADI can be leveraged. Using key performance indicators (KPIs) and information produced by multiple optical measurement conditions, it is possible to optimize SEM sampling across the wafer and to capture all relevant target deformations. The objective is to improve the accuracy of optical measurements by efficiently combining information from HV-SEM and optical metrology systems. This paper will demonstrate that the information extracted from electron-based metrology and IBO measurements can be used for direct measurement of target deformations, which feeds into advanced optical target diagnostics and utilized for de-correlation between asymmetries and overlay (OVL).
Scanner Focus window of the lithographic process becomes much smaller due to the shrink of the device node and multipatterning approach. Consequently, the required performance of scanner focus becomes tighter and more complicated. Focus control/monitoring methods such as “field-by-field focus control” or “intra-field focus control” is a necessity. Moreover, tight scanner focus performance requirement starts to raise another fundamental question: accuracy of the reported scanner focus.
The insufficient accuracy of the reported scanner focus using the existing methods originates from:
a) Focus measurement quality, which is due to low sensitivity of measured targets, especially around the nominal production focus.
b) The scanner focus is estimated using special targets, e.g. large pitch target and not using the device-like structures (irremovable aberration impact).
Both of these factors are eliminated using KLA-Tencor proprietary “Focus Offset” technology.