With applications ranging from the desktop to remote sensing, the long wave infrared (LWIR) interferometric spectral imaging system is always with huge volume and large weight. In order to miniaturize and light the instrument, a new method of LWIR spectral imaging system based on a variable gap Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometer is researched. With the system working principle analyzed, theoretically, it is researched that how to make certain the primary parameter, such as, wedge angle of interferometric cavity, f-number of the imaging lens and the relationship between the wedge angle and the modulation of the interferogram. A prototype is developed and a good experimental result of a uniform radiation source, a monochromatic source, is obtained. The research shows that besides high throughput and high spectral resolution, the advantage of miniaturization is also simultaneously achieved in this method.
Fourier transform spectroscopy is a widely employed method for obtaining spectra, with applications ranging from the desktop to remote sensing. The long wave infrared (LWIR) interferometric spectral imaging system is always with huge volume and large weight. In order to miniaturize and light the instrument, a new method of LWIR spectral imaging system based on a variable gap Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometer is researched. With the system working principle analyzed, theoretically, it is researched that how to make certain the primary parameter, such as, the reflectivity of the two interferometric cavity surfaces, field of view (FOV) and f-number of the imaging lens. A prototype is developed and a good experimental result of CO2 laser is obtained. The research shows that besides high throughput and high spectral resolution, the advantage of miniaturization is also simultaneously achieved in this method.
Interference imaging spectroscopy is the advanced subject among the infrared remote sensing, and it has become an important technique to detect spatial information and spectral information of targets. It has the advantages of high flux, high spectral resolution and high spatial resolution that can be used for detecting more details of the spectral and spatial information. Based on a Michelson interferometer with its mirrors replaced by corner-cubes, principles of a hand-held, static, long-wave infrared Fourier Transform(FT) imaging spectrometer using an uncooled microbolometer array are introduced. Because in such FT-based spectral imager, the interferogram is acquired over the whole field of the camera while the scene of interest scans the path difference range, vignetting should be strongly limited while keep the size of the interferometer as small as possible. Interferometer size is given and interferential light path is verified through TracePro software. First results of field and laboratory measurements using the spectral imager are presented. Remotely obtained spectrums collected with this instrument and with those of high precise Michelson spectrometer are compared, and the measured values turned out to be closely corresponded. The results, in turn, verified the feasibility of the systematic working mode. The resulting system tested here provides datacubes of up to 640×480 pixels over the 7.7~13μm spectral range, this wavelength range reveals important information about scenes such as gas or landmine detection, and the instrument has a spectral resolution of about 8cm-1 that fulfils the requirement for most targeted applications. Examples of sky and buildings detection are shown.
Diamond-like carbon (DLC) filmare widely used in the infrared protection window, but their ability of anti-laser damage is insufficient. The common methods to improve the anti-laser ability of DLC films were summarized at first, then a new method which use the external electric field was proposed. Based on the standards ISO11254 of laser damage threshold, the damage morphology of DLC films with and without the bias field were compared. The results show that with the bias field, damage morphologies changes obviously under the same laser energy. According to the physical mechanism analysis, the photogenerated electrons of the films under the action of electric field drift speedy, the drift reduce the heat generated from the laser radiation area, then relayed the graphitization of the DLC films. This after-treated method will be a new method to improve DLC films’ anti-laser damage ability.
The research on infrared spectral target signature shows great military importance in the domain of IR detection Recognition, IRCM, IR image guide and ir stealth etc. The measurements of infrared spectral of tactical targets have been a direct but effective technique in providing signatures for both analysis and simulation to missile seeker designers for many years. In order to deal with the problem of dynamic target infrared spectral signature, this paper presents a new method for acquiring and testing ir spectral radiation signatures of dynamic objects, which is based on an IR imager guiding the target and acquiring the scene at the same time, a FOV chopping scan infrared spectral radiometer alternatively testing the target and its background around ir spectral signature.ir imager and spectral radiometer have the same optical axis. The raw test data was processed according to a new deal with method. Principles and data processing methods were described in detail, test error also analyzed. Field test results showed that the method described in the above is right; the test error was reduced smaller, and can better satisfy the needs of acquiring dynamic target ir spectral signature.