SMI (SPICA Mid-infrared Instrument) is one of the two focal-plane scientific instruments planned for new SPICA, and
the Japanese instrument proposed and managed by a university consortium in Japan. SMI covers the wavelength range of
12 to 36 μm, using the following three spectroscopic channels with unprecedentedly high sensitivities: low-resolution
spectroscopy (LRS; R = 50 - 120, 17 - 36 μm), mid-resolution spectroscopy (MRS; R = 1300 - 2300, 18 - 36 μm), and
high-resolution spectroscopy (HRS; R = 28000, 12 - 18 μm). The key functions of these channels are high-speed dustband
mapping with LRS, high-sensitivity multi-purpose spectral mapping with MRS, and high-resolution molecular-gas
spectroscopy with HRS. This paper describes the technical concept and scientific capabilities of SMI.
We present the new design of the cryogenic system of the next-generation infrared astronomy mission SPICA under the
new framework. The new design employs the V-groove design for radiators, making the best use of the Planck heritage.
The new design is based on the ESA-JAXA CDF study (NG-CryoIRTel, CDF-152(A)) with a 2 m telescope, and we
modified the CDF design to accommodate the 2.5 m telescope to meet the science requirements of SPICA. The basic
design concept of the SPICA cryogenic system is to cool the Science Instrument Assembly (SIA, which is the
combination of the telescope and focal-plane instruments) below 8K by the combination of the radiative cooling system
and mechanical cryocoolers without any cryogen.
The contamination control for the next-generation space infrared observatory SPICA is presented. The optical performance of instruments on space observatories are often degraded by particulate and/or molecular contamination. Therefore, the contamination control has a potential to produce a significant risk, and it should be investigated in the risk mitigation phase of the SPICA development. The requirements from contamination- sensitive components onborad SPICA, the telescope assembly and focal plane instruments, are summarized. Possible contamination sources inside and outside the SPICA spacecraft were investigated. Based on impact on the SPICA system design, the following contamination sources were extensively studied through simulation and measurement; (1) outgassing from the payload module surrounding the telescope mirror and focal plane instruments, (2) contamination due to the thruster plume, and (3) environmental contamination during the integration, storage and verification phases. Although the outgas from the payload module and the thruster plume were estimated to produce only a negligible influence, the environmental contamination was suggested to affect significantly the telescope and focal plane instruments. Reasonable countermeasures to reduce the environmental contamination were proposed, some of which were confirmed to be actually effective.