Recent research into the use of thermal barrier coatings has shown that they can provide sufficient additional damping, reducing vibration levels and significantly extending the life of the coated component. Various deposition techniques may be employed to apply ceramic coatings with Air Plasma Spraying (APS) and Electron Beam - Physical Vapour Deposition (EB-PVD) being the most widely used. However, one has to take into account that even when the starting ceramic material is the same, the microstructures of the resultant coatings depend strongly on the deposition technique. The objective of this paper is to study of the differences in the damping behaviour and stiffness of an yttria-stabilised zirconia (YSZ with 8%wt yttria) coating deposited by APS and by EB-PVD. Both damping and stiffness of these two YSZ coatings were estimated from tests performed at room and high temperatures. Moreover, this paper presents the microstructural characterisation of these two YSZ coatings using scanning electron microscopy, and attempts a correlation of the differences in their properties to their microstructure.
This paper describes a novel damping treatment, namely hard ceramic coatings. These materials can be applied on almost any surface (internal or external) of a component. Their effect is the significant reduction of vibration levels and hence the extension of life expectancy of the component.
The damping features of air-plasma-sprayed ceramic coatings (for example amplitude dependence, influence of initial amplitude) are discussed and the experimental procedure employed for testing and characterising such materials is also described. This test procedure is based around a custom-developed rig that allows one to measure the damping (internal friction) of specimens at controlled frequencies, strain amplitudes and, if required, various temperatures.
A commonly used Thermal Barrier Coating, Yttria Stabilised Zirconia (8%), is used to demonstrate the above mentioned features. The damping effectiveness of this coating is then compared against two established damping treatments: polymer Free Layer Damping (FLD) and Constrained Layer Damping (CLD).
The paper discusses the major issues in characterising ceramic damping coatings and their damping effectiveness when compared against the "traditional" approaches. Finally, the paper concludes with suggestions for further research.