Near-infrared imaging InGaAs sensors show lower performances in term of noise and sensitivity compared to silicon based cameras. Image frequency conversion from near-infrared to visible wavelengths by nonlinear parametric sumfrequency mixing in a χ(2) medium should increase detection performances in active imaging applied to long range target identification. For such applications, both energy conservation and phase matching conditions are ideally suited to efficient upconversion. Nevertheless, the available resolution still hampers the development of upconversion imagers.
In this paper, we upconvert images provided by 1.5 μm collimated continuous wave lasers illuminating resolution targets and small objects. Using a 2.7 nm wide pump spectrum at 1064 nm, we resolve 56x64 spatial elements whereas we obtained only 16x19 spatial elements with a narrow spectrum pump laser at 1064 nm with the same beam diameter and 8x8 spatial elements with a 0.5 mm thick crystal. These results are compatible with long range target recognition. A laboratory scale experiment of active imaging of diffusive objects is shown as an illustration.
The nature of a quantum network, in particular in the continuous variable regime, is governed not only by the light quantum state but also by the measurement process. It can then be chosen after the light source has been generated. Multimode entanglement is not anymore an intrinsic property of the source but a complex interplay between source, measurement and eventually post processing. This new avenue paves the way for adaptive and scalable quantum information processing. However, to reach this ambitious goal, multimode degaussification has to be implemented.
Single-photon subtraction and addition have proved to be such key operations, but are usually performed with linear optics elements on single-mode resources. We present a device able to perform mode dependant non Gaussian operation on a spectrally multimode squeezed vacuum states. Sum frequency generation between the state and a bright control beam whose spectrum has been engineered through ultrafast pulse-shaping is performed. The detection of a single converted photon heralds the success of the operation.
The resulting multimode quantum state is analysed with standard homodyne detection whose local oscillator spectrum is independently engineered. The device can be characterized through quantum process tomography using weak multimode coherent states as inputs. Its single-mode character can be quantified and its inherent subtraction modes can be measured.
The ability to simultaneously control the state engineering and its detection ensures both flexibility and scalability in the production of highly entangled non-Gaussian quantum states.
The quantum nature of light imposes a limit to the detection of all properties of a laser beam. We show how we can reduce this limit for a measurement of the position of a light beam on a quadrant detector, simultaneously in two tranverse directions. This quantum laser pointer can measure the beam direction with greater precision than a usual laser. We achieve this by combining three beams, one intense coherent and two vacuum squeeezed beams, with minimum losses into one spatially multimode beam optimized for this application.
The visibility and quality of optical images is ultimately limited not by diffraction but by the quantum noise affecting each pixel of a detector. Multimode non-classical states of light, characterized by spatial quantum correlation or local reduced quantum noise, permit in principle to go beyond the standard quantum limit and therefore to improve transverse optical resolution. It has been predicted that Optical Parametric Oscillators (OPO) operating simultaneously on many transverse modes are good candidates for generating multimode non-classical states of light. We perform an experiment showing that a c.w. confocal OPO above threshold emits such states. Below threshold, the OPO is turned to a multimode optical parametric amplifier.
We present methods of transforming the standard quadrature amplitude squeezing of a continuous-wave light beam to its Stokes parameters and transverse spatial modes statistics. These two states of light are called polarization squeezing and spatial squeezing, respectively. We present experimental results of the quadrature amplitude, polarization and spatial squeezing obtained with a common experimental setup based on optical parametric amplifiers. The transformations from quadrature amplitude to polarization and spatial squeezing are achieved with only simple linear optics.