Microfabricated vacuum-tube millimeter- and THz-band sources are of great interest for numerous applications such as communications, radar, sensors, imaging, etc. Recently, miniaturized sheet-beam traveling-wave tubes for sub-THz and THz operation have attracted a considerable interest. In this paper, we present the results of modeling and development of slow-wave structures (SWS) for medium power (10-100 W) traveling-wave tube (TWT) amplifiers and backwardwave oscillators (BWO) in near-THz frequency band. Different types of SWSs are considered, such as double-vane SWS for TWT with a sheet electron beam, a folded-waveguide SWS, and novel planar SWSs on dielectric substrates.
Medium-power (10-100 W) THz-band gyrotrons operating in a continuous-wave (CW) mode are of great importance for many applications such as NMR spectroscopy with dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP/NMR), plasma diagnostics, nondestructive inspection, stand-off detection of radioactive materials, biomedical applications, etc. For all these applications, high frequency stability and tunability within 1-2 GHz frequency range is typically required. Apart from different existing techniques for frequency stabilization, phase locking has recently attracted strong interest. In this paper, we present the results of theoretical analysis and numerical simulation for several phase locking techniques: (a) phase locking by injection of the external driving signal; (b) mutual phase locking of two coupled gyrotrons; and (c) selfinjection locking by a wave reflected from the remote load.