Vegetation maps play a key role in an estimation of forest fire danger. To estimate forest fire danger, a vegetation type map of Gilbirinsky forestry situated in the Lake Baikal basin was created on basis of both the remote sensing data and field study. A Sentinel-2A satellite image was classified by the maximum likelihood method. Zones with different levels of forest fire danger have been identified: coniferous forests–extremely dangerous level, mixed forests – high level, and deciduous forests–moderate level of forest fire danger. Normalized Difference Water Index has been calculated and moisture content in vegetation has been evaluated.