This paper presents electric and electro-optic studies conducted on a new composite, namely hydroxypropylcellulose network with liquid crystal fillings. The composite was manufactured using the electrospinning method, and deposited on indium tin oxide glass. In terms of electric characterization, the samples were subjected to impedance spectroscopy, their equivalent circuit model was deduced, and the corresponding electric parameters were computed based on the Cole-Cole diagrams and frequency plots of the two impedance components. In terms of electro-optic studies, the optical transmission of the sample under a varying steady-state alternative regime voltage was recorded, and the saturation threshold field was determined. Also, the switching times of the sample with respect to a step signal were determined.
Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (PDLC) are composite materials consisting of small liquid crystal (LC) droplets surrounded by a polymer matrix. Due to their relatively easy preparation and processing, the PDLC devices found many applications such as displays, architectural windows, energy control devices, projection displays, spatial light modulators, polarizers. <p> </p>Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have excellent mobility and are suitable as doping nanoparticles in order to improve the electrically- controlled orientation of LC. <p> </p>This paper presents the methods of preparation of PDLC doped with CNT. Experimental results are presented for the films obtained by solvent induced polymerization method, using polymethyl methacrylate and a nematic LC, E7. The obtained films are characterized by polarized optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and electro-optical transmission.
This paper presents Monte Carlo simulations of the time-of-flight measurement for a unidimensional lattice of an organic semiconductor sample, under Gaussian Disorder Model assumptions, in which charge carriers follow a hopping transport mechanism. Mobilities for different values of the applied electric field have been computed, and the power conversion efficiency of the sample is determined as a function of the electric field. With the extracted data, it is shown that there is an optimal field value at which high mobility and efficiency can be obtained.
A theoretical characterization of an organic solar cell has been realized based on its equivalent model and an I-V curve corresponding to ITO/PEDOT/MEH-PPV:PCBM(1:4)/LiF/Al cell, taken from the literature. The parameters of the equivalent model have been determined using two methods: the approximation method and the Lambert W function. For the considered curve, the parameter values that have been obtained are similar to the results presented in literature. It has also been shown that the Lambert W function presents a considerably smaller error compared to the approximation method.