Brain demyelination lesions occur due to damage of the myelin layer of nerve fibers, this deterioration is the cause of pathologies such as multiple sclerosis, leukodystrophy, encephalomyelitis. Brain ischemia is the interruption of the blood supply to the brain, and the flow of oxygen and nutrients needed to maintain the correct functioning of brain cells. This project presents the results of an algorithm processing images with the the main objective of identify and differentiate between demyelination and ischemic brain diseases through the automatic detection, classification and identification of their features found in the magnetic resonance images. The sequences of images used were T1, T2, and FLAIR and with a dataset of 300 patients with and without these or other pathologies, respectively. The algorithm in this stage uses Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), principal component analysis (PCA) and a kernel support vector machine (SVM). The algorithm developed indicates a 75% of accuracy, for that reason, with an effective validation could be applied for the fast diagnosis and contribute to an effective treatment of these brain diseases especially in the rural places.
The effect of laser irradiation is one of the most important factors that affect the bacteria survival due to the wavelengths that emit the different light sources. The high-intensity broadband visible light (400–800nm) can reduce viability of bacterial strains. The main objective is to assess the most effective wavelengths of visible light in growth of four beneficial rhizobacteria. The survival of bacterial cells following illumination was monitored by optical density after exposure of the suspended bacteria to light at different time of incubation. Bacterial grow under the same conditions but without light exposure as controls. The visible light with wavelength between 450-590nm increase the bacterial growth in vitro conditions.
This work presents the advance to development of an algorithm for automatic detection of demyelinating lesions and cerebral ischemia through magnetic resonance images, which have contributed in paramount importance in the diagnosis of brain diseases. The sequences of images to be used are T1, T2, and FLAIR. <p> </p>Brain demyelination lesions occur due to damage of the myelin layer of nerve fibers; and therefore this deterioration is the cause of serious pathologies such as multiple sclerosis (MS), leukodystrophy, disseminated acute encephalomyelitis. Cerebral or cerebrovascular ischemia is the interruption of the blood supply to the brain, thus interrupting; the flow of oxygen and nutrients needed to maintain the functioning of brain cells. The algorithm allows the differentiation between these lesions.
The present work shows the teaching and motivation of University students to think about optics and color effects. The methodology consists of studying the different optical phenomena that occur through the sunsets and then do a correlation of this information with the phenomena and optical effects of the color of class presentations; to determine the motivation and attention of students.