The detection of a temperature increase or hot spots in breast thermograms can be related with high metabolic activity of disease cells. Image processing algorithms to seek mainly temperature increases above 3°C which have a high probability of being a malignancy are proposed. Also a derivative operator is used to highlights breast regions of interest (ROI). In order to determinate a medical alert, a feature descriptor of the ROI is constructed using its maximum temperature, maximum increase of temperature, sector/quadrant position in the breast, and area. The proposed algorithms are tested in a home database and a public database for mastology research.
Wavefront Coding (WFC) systems make use of an aspheric Phase-Mask (PM) and digital image processing to extend the Depth of Field (EDoF) of computational imaging systems. For years, several kinds of PM have been designed to produce a point spread function (PSF) near defocus-invariant. In this paper, the optimization of the phase deviation parameter is done by means of genetic algorithms (GAs). In this, the merit function minimizes the mean square error (MSE) between the diffraction limited Modulated Transfer Function (MTF) and the MTF of the system that is wavefront coded with different misfocus. WFC systems were simulated using the cubic, trefoil, and 4 Zernike polynomials phase-masks. Numerical results show defocus invariance aberration in all cases. Nevertheless, the best results are obtained by using the trefoil phase-mask, because the decoded image is almost free of artifacts.