Several wavefront printers have been recently proposed. Since the printers can record an arbitrary computer-generated wavefront, they are expected to be useful for fabricating complex mirror arrays used in front projection 3-D screens without using real existing optics. We prototyped two transparent reflective screens using our hologram printer in experiments. These screens could compensate for a spherically distorted reference wave caused by a short projection distance to obtain an ideal reference wave. Owing to the use of the wavefront-printed screen, the 3-D display was simply composed of a normal 2-D projector and a screen without using extra optics. In our binocular system, reflected light rays converged to the left and right eyes of the observer and the crosstalk was less than 8%. In the light field system, the reflected light rays formed a spatially sampled light field and focused a virtual object in a depth range of ±30 mm with a ±13.5-deg viewing angle. By developing wavefront printing technology, a complex optics array may easily be printed by nonprofessionals for optics manufacturing.
In this paper, a new structure of horizontal parallax light field 3D floating image display system was proposed. The structure consists of pico-projectors, Fresnel lens, micro-lens array and sub-lens array with freeform shape. By the functions of optical components, each light field of projectors could be controlled as a fan ray, which has high directivity in horizontal and wide scattered angle in vertical. Furthermore, according to the reverse light tracing and integral image display technique, horizontal parallax floating 3D could be demonstrated in the system. Simulated results show that the proposed 3D display structure has a good image quality and the crosstalk is also limited below 22.9%. Compared with other 3D technologies, this structure could have more benefits, including displaying real high resolution floating image, unnecessary of physical hardware on the image plane, scalability of large size system, without the noise from spinning component, and so on.