Proc. SPIE. 5905, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets II
KEYWORDS: Signal to noise ratio, Principal component analysis, Stars, Detection and tracking algorithms, Modulation, Satellites, Interference (communication), Photonic integrated circuits, Planets, Signal detection
The search for planetary transits in star light-curves can be improved in an non standard way applying appropriate filtering of the systematic effects just after the detection step. The procedure has been tested using a set of light curves simulated in the context of the CoRoT space mission. The level of the continuum in the detection curves is significantly lowered when compared to other standard approaches, a property we use to reduce false alarm. Ambiguities may originate in unexpected effects that combine instrumental and environmental factors. In a large set of synchronous light curves collective behaviours permit to identify systematic effects against which the detected events are compared. We estimate a significance of our detections and show that with our procedure the number of true detections is increased by more than 80% (22 events detected over the 36 injected ones). In spite of its simplicity, our method scores quite well (average results) when compared to the other methods used for the CoRoT "blind test" exercice by Moutou et al.1
CoRoT mission for year 2006 is a small space telescope that will
measure continuously for 6 months the light flux of 12000 star in a mission of 2.5 years . The aim is to detect small droops in the light curves revealing planets transitting in front of their star. For this, 12000 logical Regions Of Interest (ROI) are defined on the CCD to optimise each star Signal to Noise Ratio (s/n). Unfortunatly only less than 256 different shapes are permitted for all ROIs, forseeing a loss in global S/N. We found a method wich reduce the 12000 ROIs to a small set of 250 shapes in a lossless way. Overall perverformances are discussed.