We show theoretically that optical feedback can be used to phase lock the successive modes of multi-section frequency-swept source lasers as a means to increase the coherence length. The time-gated feedback technique can be applied to transfer the coherence between the subsequent modes to retain the coherence along the full sweep or to synchronise two independent swept sources. In analogy with CW lasers, we derive an Adler equation describing the locking conditions. When the constant feedback is applied, the laser can operate in a self-mixing, mode-locking or chaotic regime, depending on the sweeping speed. In order to verify the theoretical results, we have developed an experimental set up and performed initial measurements with optical feedback.
This work presents an overview of a combined experimental and theoretical analysis on the manipulation of temporal localized structures (LSs) found in passively Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers coupled to resonant saturable absorber mirrors. We show that the pumping current is a convenient parameter for manipulating the temporal Localized Structures, also called localized pulses. While short electrical pulses can be used for writing and erasing individual LSs, we demonstrate that a current modulation introduces a temporally evolving parameter landscape allowing to control the position and the dynamics of LSs. We show that the localized pulses drifting speed in this landscape depends almost exclusively on the local parameter value instead of depending on the landscape gradient, as shown in quasi-instantaneous media. This experimental observation is theoretically explained by the causal response time of the semiconductor carriers that occurs on an finite timescale and breaks the parity invariance along the cavity, thus leading to a new paradigm for temporal tweezing of localized pulses. Different modulation waveforms are applied for describing exhaustively this paradigm. Starting from a generic model of passive mode-locking based upon delay differential equations, we deduce the effective equations of motion for these LSs in a time-dependent current landscape.