Modern systems are starting to include a wide variety of sensors and camera systems for applications such as night vision, degraded vision, and other sensors. Systems that require multiple coordinated sensors (including sensor fusion) used for ISR, navigation in degraded environments, or infrared countermeasures are constantly trying to increase throughput to carry higher resolution images and video in real time. The need for ever higher throughput challenges system designers on every level, including the physical interface. Simply moving video efficiently from point to point or within a network is a challenge. ARINC 818, the Avionics Digital Video Bus, continues to expand into high-speed sensor applications because of its low latency, robustness, and high throughput capabilities.
Many commercial and military aircraft still use analog video, such as RS-170, RS-343, or STANEG 3350. Though the individual digital components many be inexpensive, the cost to certify and retrofit an entire aircraft fleet may be prohibitively expensive. A partial or incremental upgrade program where analog cameras remain in use but data is converted and processed digitally can be an attractive option. This paper describes Great River Technology’s experience in converting multiple channels of RS-170 and multiplexing them through a concentrator to put them onto a single fiber or cable. The paper will also discuss alternative architectures and how ARINC 818 can be utilized with legacy systems.
ARINC 818, titled Avionics Digital Video Bus (ADVB), is the standard for cockpit video that has gained wide acceptance in both the commercial and military cockpits including the Boeing 787, the A350XWB, the A400M, the KC- 46A and many others. Initially conceived of for cockpit displays, ARINC 818 is now propagating into high-speed sensors, such as infrared and optical cameras due to its high-bandwidth and high reliability. The ARINC 818 specification that was initially release in the 2006 and has recently undergone a major update that will enhance its applicability as a high speed sensor interface. The ARINC 818-2 specification was published in December 2013. The revisions to the specification include: video switching, stereo and 3-D provisions, color sequential implementations, regions of interest, data-only transmissions, multi-channel implementations, bi-directional communication, higher link rates to 32Gbps, synchronization signals, options for high-speed coax interfaces and optical interface details. The additions to the specification are especially appealing for high-bandwidth, multi sensor systems that have issues with throughput bottlenecks and SWaP concerns. ARINC 818 is implemented on either copper or fiber optic high speed physical layers, and allows for time multiplexing multiple sensors onto a single link. This paper discusses each of the new capabilities in the ARINC 818-2 specification and the benefits for ISR and countermeasures implementations, several examples are provided.
The ARINC 818 Avionics Digital Video Bus is the standard for cockpit video that has gained wide acceptance in both the commercial and military cockpits. The Boeing 787, A350XWB, A400M, KC-46A, and many other aircraft use it. The ARINC 818 specification, which was initially release in 2006, has recently undergone a major update to address new avionics architectures and capabilities. Over the seven years since its release, projects have gone beyond the specification due to the complexity of new architectures and desired capabilities, such as video switching, bi-directional communication, data-only paths, and camera and sensor control provisions. The ARINC 818 specification was revised in 2013, and ARINC 818-2 was approved in November 2013. The revisions to the ARINC 818-2 specification enable switching, stereo and 3-D provisions, color sequential implementations, regions of interest, bi-directional communication, higher link rates, data-only transmission, and synchronization signals. This paper discusses each of the new capabilities and the impact on avionics and display architectures, especially when integrating large area displays, stereoscopic displays, multiple displays, and systems that include a large number of sensors.