Microstructural optical waveguides with the hollow core are actively studied as a promising support for heterogeneous immunoassay in development of new optical biosensor elements for medicine and biology. Overcoming of the limitations associated with the low sorption capacity of glass used for the waveguides production is a crucial step for this assay format. In this work the possibility of silanization of microstructural optical waveguides with the hollow core using (3-glycidyloxypropyl) trimethoxysilane and their further application to enzymatic immunoassay was studied.
Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) are one of the most promising materials for biosensors construction due to their unique optical properties. The modification of PCF by noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) provides the SPR and SERS signal detection where as the application amino group-containing compounds allows efficient binding of biomolecules. In this work the internal surface of glass hollow core photonic crystal fibers (HC-PCFs) has been modified Ag and Au nanoparticles using three different approaches. PCFs were treated by: 1) mixture of NPs and precursors for silanization (tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES)); 2) alternately deposition of polyelectrolytes and NPs, 3) mixture of chitosan with NPs. The shift of local maxima in the HC-PCF transmission spectrum has been selected as a signal for estimating the amount of NPs on the HC-PCF inner surface. The most efficient techniques were the chitosan application for Ag NPs and silanization for Au NPs. The obtaining PCFs could be useful for creating biosensitive elements.
The use of photonic crystal fibers as a basis elements for biosensor construction is a perspective trend. The advantages of this approach are the use of micro and nano volumes of samples and a significant strengthening of the analytical signal while increasing the optical path length. Quantum dots are the most promising fluorescent markers for use in the photonic crystal fibers based analysis. <p> </p>The advantages of quantum dots, in this case, are associated with stability, wide range of excitation and extremely narrow range of high luminescence intensity. In this work we have investigated the behavior and optical properties of CdSe core-shell nanocrystals (quantum dots) after they including into hollow central defect of hollow core chirped photonic crystal fibers with internal surface modified by polyaniline films.
Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with a hollow core are one of the most promising solid support of fiber-optic sensors. The main advantages of PCF as sensor elements in clinical analysis are minimization of optical interactions from the sample and the ability to analyze small volume of samples. At the same time, low sorption capacity of glass which is the basic material for the fabrication of the PCF, limits their use in the development of biosensors. Modification of the inner surface of the PCF can be the solution of the problem. <p> </p>In this work the synthesis of self-assembled films of polyaniline (PANI) on the inner surface of the PCFs was carried out. The modified PCFs were studied by spectroscopy and electron microscopy. It was found that the covering of the inner surface of the PCFs with PANI leads to a shift of the local maximums of the transmission spectrum PCFs up to 25 nm. These makes possible to design the method of varying of photonic bandgaps location.