The Tenerife Microwave Spectrometer (TMS) is a new 10-20 GHz experiment that will be installed at the Teide Observatory (Tenerife, Spain), next to the QUIJOTE CMB experiment. The main TMS scientific driver is to accurately measure absolute distortions of the sky spectrum in the 10-20 GHz frequency range, with special emphasis on the characterization of the absolute synchrotron monopole from our Galaxy, and the possible deviations of the CMB spectrum from a pure blackbody law. TMS will provide an absolute calibration for the QUIJOTE experiment, and it will also serve as a prototype for future instruments of its type, both ground-based and satellites. Among its new instrumental design is an octave bandwidth high quality cryogenic front-end, a thermally stabilized cold black body and a new design of wide-band Fourier transform spectrometer. The spectrometer will have a resolution of 250 MHz, giving 40 spectrally stable sub-bands.
The Tenerife Microwave Spectrometer (TMS) is part of a renewed effort to study and characterize the CMB frequency distribution. The spectrometer is based on a pseudo-correlation architecture with two 10–20 GHz radiometer chains making use of both orthogonal linear polarizations, and will observe in this band with an angular and frequency resolutions of 3° and 1 MHz. The optical arrangement includes two corrugated feedhorns, one facing an internal calibrator to provide a cold reference signal, and the other pointing to the sky through the cryostat window by means of an offset-fed reflector. The optical system provides optimal cross-polarization properties (≤-30 dB) and symmetric beams, with minimum frequency dependence. The readout system is based on a SoC FPGA, providing fast data acquisition, high spectral resolution and stability. We present the current status of the TMS instrument, having described the scientific case of this instrument in the accompanying publication.