A temperature sensor formed by a cascaded sphere and an abrupt taper, together in a standard single-mode fiber, was developed. The dip of the measured spectrum signal shifted obviously when the surrounding temperature changed. Measurement sensitivity to 18.36 pm/°C was shown with the surrounding temperature ranging from 35°C to 395°C. Due to its compact size and all-fiber configuration, the proposed sensor has the advantages of simplicity and low-cost fabrication, thus the device would find potential applications in sensing fields.
We propose and demonstrate a technique for cascading a microsphere and an abrupt taper together in a standard singlemode fiber. The proposed microsphere-taper cascading structured microfiber (MTCSM) was fabricated by fusion splicing and electric-arc discharge. Exposing the MTCSM segment to increasing temperatures results in a significant shift of the transmission notches towards longer wavelengths with a slope of approximately 17.24 pm/°C∇ from 35°C to 170°C, and the linearity is 99.8%. Due to its compact size and all-fiber configuration, the proposed sensor has advantages of good mechanical strength, simplicity and low-cost fabrication, such new device would find potential applications in communication and sensing fields.