This study reported an all-fiber sensor based on an asymmetric structured microfiber modal interferometer. The proposed sensor was easily created on a single-mode-fiber(SMF) by means of electric arc discharge technique. The dips of the reflection spectrum caused by the cladding modes interfering with the core mode shifted when the temperature and the refractive index changed. Due to its compact configuration and cost-effective, such new device would have promising applications in sensing fields.
A temperature sensor formed by a cascaded sphere and an abrupt taper, together in a standard single-mode fiber, was developed. The dip of the measured spectrum signal shifted obviously when the surrounding temperature changed. Measurement sensitivity to 18.36 pm/°C was shown with the surrounding temperature ranging from 35°C to 395°C. Due to its compact size and all-fiber configuration, the proposed sensor has the advantages of simplicity and low-cost fabrication, thus the device would find potential applications in sensing fields.
We propose and demonstrate a technique for cascading a microsphere and an abrupt taper together in a standard singlemode fiber. The proposed microsphere-taper cascading structured microfiber (MTCSM) was fabricated by fusion splicing and electric-arc discharge. Exposing the MTCSM segment to increasing temperatures results in a significant shift of the transmission notches towards longer wavelengths with a slope of approximately 17.24 pm/°C∇ from 35°C to 170°C, and the linearity is 99.8%. Due to its compact size and all-fiber configuration, the proposed sensor has advantages of good mechanical strength, simplicity and low-cost fabrication, such new device would find potential applications in communication and sensing fields.