In today’s information age, people will depend more and more on computers to obtain and make use of information, there is a big gap between the multimedia information after digitization that has large data and the current hardware technology that can provide the computer storage resources and network band width. For example, there is a large amount of image storage and transmission problem. Image compression becomes useful in cases when images need to be transmitted across networks in a less costly way by increasing data volume while reducing transmission time. This paper discusses image compression to effect on face recognition system. For compression purposes, we adopted the JPEG, JPEG2000, JPEG XR coding standard. The face recognition algorithms studied are SIFT. As a form of an extensive research, Experimental results show that it still maintains a high recognition rate under the high compression ratio, and JPEG XR standards is superior to other two kinds in terms of performance and complexity.