The intensified charge-coupled device (ICCD) is widely used in the field of low-light-level (LLL) imaging. The LLL images captured by ICCD suffer from low spatial resolution and contrast, and the target details can hardly be recognized. Super-resolution (SR) reconstruction of LLL images captured by ICCDs is a challenging issue. The dispersion in the double-proximity-focused image intensifier is the main factor that leads to a reduction in image resolution and contrast. We divide the integration time into subintervals that are short enough to get photon images, so the overlapping effect and overstacking effect of dispersion can be eliminated. We propose an SR reconstruction algorithm based on iterative projection photon localization. In the iterative process, the photon image is sliced by projection planes, and photons are screened under the constraints of regularity. The accurate position information of the incident photons in the reconstructed SR image is obtained by the weighted centroids calculation. The experimental results show that the spatial resolution and contrast of our SR image are significantly improved.
Based on the imaging features of the original image intensifier of X-ray, the light halo caused by X-ray projective halation is analyzed, the result shows the stray X-ray energy is lower than the direct X-ray energy. The screen brightness generated by the image intensifier of X-ray stimulated by the stray X-ray energy is weaker than that generated by the direct X-ray energy. In addition the projector facula reflected from the direct X-ray is focused on the central region of X-ray image intensifier, therefore a toroidal ring similar to the solar halation is formed around the projector halation. The results of the theoretical analysis and experimental discovery show this phenomenon caused by X-ray tube on X-ray image intensifier can not be eliminated and in the system of X-ray size detection composed of them the X-ray halation will reduce the detection accuracy resulting in measurement results’ deviation dispersion under given conditions. This kind of nonlinear system error can not be canceled out by the segmented modification of coefficient compensation but it can be restrained through the adjustment of correction coefficients. After the physical testing and comparison of the physical normal size the accuracy of 0.1mm of the compensated X-ray measurement results after the adjustment of correction coefficient has been reached. The results are highly reproducible and the method of the segmented coefficient compensation has been improved.
Proc. SPIE. 9142, Selected Papers from Conferences of the Photoelectronic Technology Committee of the Chinese Society of Astronautics: Optical Imaging, Remote Sensing, and Laser-Matter Interaction 2013
KEYWORDS: Modulation, Sensors, Spectroscopy, Semiconductor lasers, Data acquisition, Absorption spectroscopy, Tunable diode lasers, Carbon monoxide, Signal detection, Absorption
Based on the technology of tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy, modulation of the center wavelength of 2004 nm distributed feedback laser diode at a room-temperature, the second harmonic amplitude of CO<i>2</i> at 2004nm can be obtained. The CO<i>2</i> concentration can be calculated via the Beer-Lambert law. Sinusoidal modulation parameter is an important factor that affects the sensitivity and accuracy of the system, through the research on the relationship between sinusoidal modulation signal frequency, amplitude and Second harmonic linetype, we finally achieve the detection limit of 10ppm under 12 m optical path.