A novel production process combining slot-die coating, transparent flexible IMI (ITO-Metal-ITO) electrodes and ultra-fast laser ablation can be used for the realization of P3HT:PCBM based thin film flexible OPV modules. The fast and precise laser ablation allows an overall efficiency over 3 % and a device geometric fill factor (GFF) over 95 %. Three functional layers can be ablated using the same wavelength only with varying the laser fluence and overlap. Different OPV device architectures with multilayers utilizing various materials are challenging for ablation but can be structured by using a systematical approach.
The competition in the field of solar energy between Organic Photovoltaics (OPVs) and several Inorganic Photovoltaic technologies is continuously increasing to reach the ultimate purpose of energy supply from inexpensive and easily manufactured solar cell units. Solution-processed printing techniques on flexible substrates attach a tremendous opportunity to the OPVs for the accomplishment of low-cost and large area applications. Furthermore, tandem architectures came to boost up even more OPVs by increasing the photon-harvesting properties of the device. In this work, we demonstrate the road of realizing flexible organic tandem solar modules constructed by a fully roll-to-roll compatible processing. The modules exhibit an efficiency of 5.4% with geometrical fill factors beyond 80% and minimized interconnection-resistance losses. The processing involves low temperature (<70 °C), coating methods compatible with slot die coating and high speed and precision laser patterning.
Semitransparent organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells are promising for applications in transparent architectures where their opaque counterparts are not suitable. Manufacturing of large-area modules without performance losses compared to their lab-scale devices is a key step towards practical applications of this PV technology. In this paper, we report the use of solution-processed silver nanowires as top electrodes and fabricate semitransparent OPV modules based on ultra-fast laser scribing. Through a rational choice of device architecture in combination with high-precision laser patterning, we demonstrate efficient semitransparent modules with comparable performance as compared to the reference devices.
High average power, high repetition rate femtosecond lasers with μJ pulse energies are increasingly used for bio-medical
and material processing applications. With the introduction of femtosecond laser systems such as the High Q
femtoREGENTM UC platform, micro-processing of solid targets with femtosecond laser pulses have obtained new
perspectives for industrial applications. The unique advantage of material processing with sub-picosecond lasers is
efficient, fast and localized energy deposition, which leads to high ablation efficiency and accuracy in nearly all kinds of
solid materials. In this paper, we will show aspects of the design and performance of the femtoREGENTM UC industrial
laser system and give an overview of actual applications.