Results of study of two members of diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS) family, namely Cd1-xMnxTe and Zn1-xMnxO, which are in form of micro- and nanoparticles generated by pulsed laser ablation in liquid medium (PLAL), have been presented. The structural analysis using X-ray diffraction (XRD) of nanocrystals indicated that Mn has entered the AIIBVI lattice without changing the crystal structure and systematically substituted the A2+ ions in the lattice. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) gives information about surface morphology of the formed nanostructures. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) clearly illustrates flower-like particles of Zn1-xMnxO, which consist of nanosheets and nanoleaves with average thickness about (5-8) nm. Obviously, these nanoobjects are responsible for the observed blue shift of the absorption edge in DMS nanostructures. In magneto-optical Faraday rotation spectra of both Cd1-xMnxTe and Zn1-xMnxO nanostructures there were exhibited peculiarities associated with s,p-d spin exchange interactions and confinement effect. It was observed almost linear dependence of the Faraday rotation as function of magnetic field strength for nanoparticles in contrast to the dependence with saturation in bulk case.
Zn1-xMexO (Me- Mn, Co, Ni) thin films were grown by pulsed laser deposition and rf magnetron sputtering methods. The composite targets were formed by mixing and pressing of ZnO, Mn3O4, CoO and NiO powders. The thin films were deposited on sapphire, quartz and glass substrates. The structure study confirms the formation of the hexagonal wurtzite ZnO without any secondary phase in transition metal (Mn, Co, Ni) - doped samples. The surface morphology of the thin films was studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Different surface morphology AFM images were obtained depending on the film composition and growth conditions. Optical absorption spectra suggest of substitution Zn2+ ions in ZnO lattice by transition metal atoms. The shift of the absorption edge due to decrease the energy band gap with increasing cobalt content and complex dependence of the energy band gap on content of nickel was observed in optical absorption spectra of the studied films.