Our purpose is to evaluate intramucosal gastric pH video imaging by 2,7-bis(carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF) fluorescence ratio techniques. We use a video endoscopic imaging system and BCECF as the pH fluorescent probe. Systemic in vivo pH variations are studied in 10 pigs: five in the control group and five with respiratory acidosis induced through rebreathing. The intramucosal pH of the gastric wall is measured every 5 s and the results demonstrate a good correlation (pearson correlation=0.832) between blood gases pH measurements and pH measured with the video endocopic imaging system. Our results confirm the feasibility of using BCECF fluorescence pH imaging to measure intramucosal pH in vivo.
Measurement of gastro intestinal intramucosal pH (pH<sub>im</sub>) has been recognized as an important factor in the detection of hypoxia induced dysfonctions. However, current pH measurements techniques are limited in terms of time and spatial resolutions. A major advance in accurate pH measurement was the development of the ratiometric fluorescent indicator dye, 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). BCECF which pK<sub>a</sub> is in the physiological pH range is suitable for pH tissue measurements in vivo. This study aimed to develop and evaluate an endoscopic imaging system for real time pH measurements in the stomach in order to provide to ICU a new tool for gastro intestinal intramucosal pH (pH<sub>im</sub>) measurements. This fluorescence imaging technique should allow the temporal exploration of sequential events, particularly in ICU where the pHim provides a predictive information of the patient' status. The experimental evaluations of this new and innovative endoscopic fluorescence system confirms the accuracy of pH measurement using BCECF.