Application of wireless sensors and sensor networks for Structural Health Monitoring has been investigated for a long time. Key limitations for practical use are energy requirements, connectivity, and integration with existing systems. Current sensors and sensor networks mainly rely on wired connectivity for communication and external power source for energy. This paper presents a suite of wireless sensors that are low-cost, maintenance free, rugged, and have long service life. The majority of the sensors considered were designed by transforming existing, proven, and robust wired sensors into wireless units. In this study, the wireless sensors were tested in laboratory conditions for calibration and evaluation along with wired sensors. The experimental results were also compared to theoretical results. The tests mostly show satisfactory performance of the wireless units. This work is part of a broader Federal Highway Administration sponsored project intended to ultimately validate a wireless sensing system on a real, operating structure to account for all the uncertainties, environmental conditions and operational variability that are encountered in the field.
There is a growing need to characterize unknown foundations and assess substructures in existing bridges. It is becoming an important issue for the serviceability and safety of bridges as well as for the possibility of partial reuse of existing infrastructures.
Within this broader contest, this paper investigates the possibility of identifying, locating and quantifying changes of boundary conditions, by leveraging a simply supported grid structure with a composite deck. Multi-reference impact tests are operated for the grid model and modification of one supporting bearing is done by replacing a steel cylindrical roller with a roller of compliant material. Impact based modal analysis provide global modal parameters such as damped natural frequencies, mode shapes and flexibility matrix that are used as indicators of boundary condition changes. An updating process combining a hybrid optimization algorithm and the finite element software suit ABAQUS is presented in this paper. The updated ABAQUS model of the grid that simulates the supporting bearing with springs is used to detect and quantify the change of the boundary conditions.
Vibroacoustic three-dimensional finite element simulations are performed to validate a novel formulation that
model leaky guided waves properties for waveguides surrounded by fluids. The above formulation couples a mesh
of semi-analytical finite elements (SAFE), to discretize the waveguide cross-section, with a mesh of boundary
elements (BEM) to model the unbounded outer fluid domain. The resulting dispersion curves are validated
through dedicated finite element simulations where the extracted time-transient waveforms are analyzed via a
modified Matrix Pencil Method in time and space. Wave simulations are achieved using ABAQUS/Explicit for
an elastic steel bar of square cross section immersed in water and the results obtained are compared with those
given by the SAFE-BEM method.