We reported a Bragg grating inscribed in gold-coated fiber (FBG) by NIR femtosecond laser (fs) for space application. Gold coating can shield the FBG from ultraviolet radiation and oxygen atom erosion. Cryogenic test, high temperature test, and gamma irradiation test were carried out. The reflectivity of the H2-free FBG remained stable at ± 120 °C for 100 h or with 50.4 krad γ irradiation, and the central wavelength shifted within 5 pm and 1.6 pm respectively. Regeneration of the fs-FBG was observed in case the FBG was annealed at 800 °C for 5 h, and the remained 5% in reflectivity after 19 h. Such fs-FBGs inscribed in gold-coated fiber could be employed as high performance fiber sensors for space application.
Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in gold-coated SMF have been successfully inscribed with NIR femtosecond laser and a phase mask for high temperature sensing application. The spectrums of FBGs inscribed by femtosecond laser are broader and asymmetrical with flat-toped profile which degrades the accuracy of FBGs interrogation with common peak detection techniques. A smart interrogation algorithm based on pattern matching (PMSIA) is reported in this paper. In this algorithm, an adjustable fitting spectrum template was proposed which enables the ability to suit for various spectrum patterns was proposed. The results of simulation and experiment demonstrate the noise immunity and threshold reliability of PMSIA. Less than 7pm interrogation error PMSIA was obtained even if the spectrum changes greatly in the very large sensing temperature range (up to 700°C).