A single-frequency injection-seeded Er:YAG ceramic laser with a pulse repetition frequency (PRF) running at 1645 nm is demonstrated. The Er:YAG ceramic laser is seeded with a Er:YAG non-planar ring oscillator (NPRO) laser. Pulse energy of 5.19 mJ, pulse width of 571 ns at a PRF of 1 kHz is obtained. The fluctuation of the average power is measured to be less than 1.1% in 30 min. The M<sup>2</sup> factors are 1.23 and 1.39 in x and y directions, respectively.
A 1645-nm injection-seeded Q-switched Er:YAG master oscillator and power amplifier system is reported. The master oscillator generates single-frequency pulse energy of 11.10 mJ with a pulse width of 188.8 ns at 200 Hz. An Er:YAG monolithic nonplanar ring oscillator is employed as a seed laser. The output pulse from the master oscillator is amplified to 14.33-mJ pulse energy through an Er:YAG amplifier, with a pulse width of 183.3 ns. The M2-factors behind the amplifier are 1.14 and 1.23 in x- and y-directions, respectively. The full width at half maximum of the fast Fourier transformation spectrum of the heterodyne beating signal is 2.84 MHz.
A new method for combining Finite Element Method (FEM) thermal analysis and thermo-mechanical coupling method for calculating the thermal lensing values in diode end-pumped Er:YAG lasers is proposed. A finite-element model is used to simulate the thermal effects in different Er:YAG crystals with pumping scenarios. The influences of pump powers, crystal absorption coefficients and crystal sizes on the Er:YAG thermal effects are discussed, and the relationship between the thermal effects and thermal lensing effects is analysed. A thermo-mechanical coupling model is also constituted for finite-element analysis based on the above results, and the focal length of the Er:YAG crystal with different pump powers are obtained by using this thermo-mechanical coupling model. The predicted thermal lensing values are compared with experimental results, which agree well with the simulated results.
An Er:YAG triangular ring laser resonantly pumped by a 1470 nm laser diode was reported. 7.28 W continuous-wave output power at 1645 nm was obtained by using a triangular ring resonator. In the Q-switched mode, the Er:YAG laser generated pulse energies from 6.05 mJ to 16.6 mJ at 1645 nm when pulse repetition rates change from 1 kHz to 200 Hz. By inserting an etalon into the resonator, the Er:YAG laser yielded Q-switched energies from 1.714 mJ to 5.1 mJ at 1617 nm when pulse repetition rates change from 1 kHz to 200 Hz.
Coherent Doppler wind lidars (CDWL) are widely used in aerospace, atmospheric monitoring and other fields. The parameters of laser source such as the wavelength, pulse energy, pulse duration and pulse repetition rate (PRR) have significant influences on the detection performance of wind lidar. We established a simulation model which takes into account the effects of atmospheric transmission, backscatter, atmospheric turbulence and parameters of laser source. The maximum detection range is also calculated under the condition that the velocity estimation accuracy is 0.1 m/s by using this model. We analyzed the differences of the detection performance between two operation systems, which show the high pulse energy-low pulse repetition rate (HPE-LPRR) and low pulse energy-high repetition rate (LPE-HPRR), respectively. We proved our simulation model reliable by using the parameters of two commercial lidar products. This research has important theoretical and practical values for the design of eye-safe coherent Doppler wind lidar.