A multisensor image fusion approach established on the hybrid-domain image enhancement and double nonsubsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) is proposed. The hybrid-domain pre-enhancement algorithm can promote the contrast of the visible color image. Different fusion rules are, respectively, selected and applied to obtain fusion results. The double NSCT framework is introduced to obtain better fusion performance than the general single NSCT framework. Experimental outcomes in fused images and performance results demonstrate that the presented approach is apparently more advantageous.
Image fusion, as a research hot point nowadays in the field of infrared computer vision, has been developed utilizing different varieties of methods. Traditional image fusion algorithms are inclined to bring problems, such as data storage shortage and computational complexity increase, etc. Compressed sensing (CS) uses sparse sampling without knowing the priori knowledge and greatly reconstructs the image, which reduces the cost and complexity of image processing. In this paper, an advanced compressed sensing image fusion algorithm based on non-subsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) is proposed. NSCT provides better sparsity than the wavelet transform in image representation. Throughout the NSCT decomposition, the low-frequency and high-frequency coefficients can be obtained respectively. For the fusion processing of low-frequency coefficients of infrared and visible images , the adaptive regional energy weighting rule is utilized. Thus only the high-frequency coefficients are specially measured. Here we use sparse representation and random projection to obtain the required values of high-frequency coefficients, afterwards, the coefficients of each image block can be fused via the absolute maximum selection rule and/or the regional standard deviation rule. In the reconstruction of the compressive sampling results, a gradient-based iterative algorithm and the total variation (TV) method are employed to recover the high-frequency coefficients. Eventually, the fused image is recovered by inverse NSCT. Both the visual effects and the numerical computation results after experiments indicate that the presented approach achieves much higher quality of image fusion, accelerates the calculations, enhances various targets and extracts more useful information.
Traditional homomorphic enhancement method is only attributed to the frequency domain processing, which could not enhance the image outline effectively. A better homomorphic algorithm could consider the dynamic range of image to compress and expand gray levels of the target and thus enhance image details. After the frequency domain enhancement, the deployment of mathematical morphology could smooth the outline of the image in spatial domain. This paper develops an effectively comprehensive approach to optimize the contrast of infrared image, utilizing non-linear filtering in frequency domain and top-hat and bottom-hat transforms in spatial domain. Besides, a fuzzy entropy scheme is defined to verify the improved infrared image enhancement effects. Experimental results indicate that, through the proposed method, the image details and contours can be better enhanced comparing with other methods.